Die Steigerung der Bevölkerungszahl bis war jedoch in der BRD stetig und Mit anderen Worten, verfügte die BRD je Einwohner über 0,24 ha LN. Jan. Ohne Flüchtlinge wäre die Einwohnerzahl gesunken. schätzt, dass wegen der Zuwanderung 82,8 Millionen Menschen in Deutschland leben. Die Einwohnerzahl in Deutschland betrug am Ende des Jahres laut dem Statistischen Bundesamt rund 82,18 Millionen. Das Bundesland mit den meisten .
brd einwohnerzahl - are mistakenEtwa 10,8 Prozent der Versicherten waren privat krankenversichert. Ab Juni marschierte das Heer auf Moskau vor und wurde erst im Dezember gestoppt. Bundesgesetze werden vom Bundestag mit einfacher Mehrheit beschlossen. Das Bundeskriminalamt, direkt dem Bundesministerium des Innern unterstellt, ist die höchste Ermittlungsbehörde in Deutschland. Zu den gesellschaftspolitischen Liberalisierungen zählten das Lebenspartnerschaftsgesetz und ein neues Staatsbürgerschaftsrecht. Deutschland ist bei Abgabenlast absolute Weltspitze , Die Welt vom Dieses römisch-deutsche Reich nahm unter den Ottonen eine hegemoniale Stellung im westlichen Europa ein. Die ersten Chausseen wurden im Die häufigsten Greifvögel sind heute Mäusebussard und Turmfalke , der Bestand an Wanderfalken ist deutlich geringer. Deutsche Wirtschaft wächst um 2,2 Prozent. Krankenhäuser werden häufig in gemeinnütziger Trägerschaft geführt, zunehmend jedoch privatisiert. Viele fassten den Entschluss zur Emigration , die meisten aber blieben in Deutschland. Das Klima in Deutschland wird unter anderem vom Golfstrom beeinflusst, der das durchschnittliche Temperaturniveau für die Breitenlage ungewöhnlich hoch gestaltet. Einzig das Einzugsgebiet der Kilometer langen Weser liegt vollständig in Deutschland. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 30 , S. Ihr Einzugsgebiet erstreckt sich auch auf Teile der Niederlande. August in Kitzingen erreicht. Die soziale Grundsicherung wird in erster Linie durch Beiträge der Versicherten finanziert, Defizite durch Steuergelder ausgeglichen. Des Weiteren ist der Religionsunterricht laut Grundgesetz fakultatives, aber dennoch ordentliches Unterrichtsfach in den öffentlichen Schulen mit Ausnahme von Bremen, Berlin und Brandenburg. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Dieser sogenannte Wanderungssaldo lag demnach bei mindestens Der Aachener Dom diente bis als Krönungsstätte für 31 deutsche Herrscher. Der Gründung der Bundesrepublik als demokratischer westdeutscher Teilstaat mit Westbindung am
Die Gemeinden sind in Selbstverwaltungsangelegenheiten der Rechtsaufsicht des Land- Kreises unterstellt. Dezember die erforderliche Zahl von Die Einwohnergrenze ist unterschiedlich geregelt.
Sie haben in der Regel mehr als Einige waren vor bzw. Diese Bezeichnungen haben keine verwaltungsrechtliche Bedeutung.
Bundesstadt ist der Titel, den die Stadt Bonn in Deutschland seit dem Fremdenverkehrsgemeinde , Luftkurort und Erholungsort.
Jahrhundert und Anfang des Als typische Industriestadt des Falls die Gemeinde, die ein Landratsamt bzw.
Garmisch-Partenkirchen ist derzeit der einzige Kreishauptort in Deutschland. Gemeinden, die Kureinrichtungen besitzen, nennen sich oftmals Heilbad , Kurstadt , Kurort oder Luftkurort.
Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years.
Primary education usually lasts for four to six years. A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree.
It allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run trade school. Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment.
However, there are a number of exceptions, depending on the state, the college and the subject. Tuition free academic education is open to international students and is increasingly common.
Germany has a long tradition of higher education. The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world , with Heidelberg University established in being the oldest.
In the contemporary era Germany has developed eleven Universities of Excellence: Currently the population is covered by a health insurance plan provided by statute, with criteria allowing some groups to opt for a private health insurance contract.
A study shows Germany has the highest number of overweight people in Europe. Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular.
Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker "the land of poets and thinkers" ,  because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.
Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices.
In the 21st century Berlin has emerged as a major international creative centre. During his tenure as violinist and teacher at the Salzburg cathedral, Augsburg-born composer Leopold Mozart mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: Ludwig van Beethoven was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras.
Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms composed in the Romantic idiom. Richard Wagner was known for his operas. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Germany is the second largest music market in Europe, and fourth largest in the world.
German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre. Paul van Dyk , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Scooter.
German painters have influenced western art. The New Objectivity arose as a counter-style to it during the Weimar Republic.
Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch.
Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne.
Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque. Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany.
Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e. Weser Renaissance and Dresden Baroque. The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century.
The Upper Swabian Baroque Route offers a baroque-themed tourist route that highlights the contributions of such artists and craftsmen as the sculptor and plasterer Johann Michael Feuchtmayer , one of the foremost members of the Feuchtmayer family and the brothers Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Dominikus Zimmermann.
Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture. Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles, with e.
Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement: Consequently, Germany is often considered the cradle of modern architecture and design.
German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach. The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level.
German philosophy is historically significant: The German video gaming market is one of the largest in the world.
German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. The first works of the Skladanowsky Brothers were shown to an audience in The defining film genre in West Germany of the s was arguably the Heimatfilm "homeland film" ; these films depicted the beauty of the land and the moral integrity of the people living in it.
Various Germans won an "Oscar" award for their performances in other films. German cuisine varies from region to region and often neighbouring regions share some culinary similarities e.
International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular. German cheeses account for about a third of all cheese produced in Europe.
Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts. Although wine is becoming more popular in many parts of Germany, especially close to German wine regions ,  the national alcoholic drink is beer.
The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , the highest designation, while 38 more received two stars and one star.
Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. With more than 6.
Other popular spectator sports include winter sports , boxing , basketball , handball , volleyball , ice hockey , tennis , horse riding and golf.
Water sports like sailing , rowing , and swimming are popular in Germany as well. Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world.
Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. Porsche has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race 19 times, and Audi 13 times as of [update].
He is one of the highest paid sportsmen in history. Historically, German athletes have been successful contenders in the Olympic Games , ranking third in an all-time Olympic Games medal count when combining East and West German medals.
Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
German designers became early leaders of modern product design , with the Bauhaus designers like Mies van der Rohe , and Dieter Rams of Braun being essential pioneers.
Germany is a leading country in the fashion industry. The German textile industry consisted of about 1, companies with more than , employees in , which generated a revenue of 28 billion Euro.
Almost 44 per cent of the products are exported. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country.
For other uses, see Germany disambiguation and Deutschland disambiguation. For the country from to , see West Germany. Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
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There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other. Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 8 March Statistisches Bundesamt Destatis , Retrieved 8 June Evangelical Church of Germany.
Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 25 November United Nations Development Programme.
Archived PDF from the original on 22 March Retrieved 14 September Zippelius, Reinhold . The Lost German East.
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Archived from the original on 11 October New York University Press. A Concise History of Germany. Historical Dictionary of Austria. Volume 70 2nd ed.
Archived from the original on 16 May The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Bombay. In Bowman, Alan K. The Cambridge Ancient History: X, The Augustan Empire, 43 B.
Volume 10 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 23 December The crisis of empire, A. The Cambridge Ancient History. The Roman Empire and its Germanic Peoples.
Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. The Great Famine — and the Black Death — Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 19 March The printing press as an agent of change.
Cambridge University Press, pp. The Savage Wars of Peace: England, Japan and the Malthusian Trap. A History of Eastern Europe: Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 26 March The Guardian News and Media Limited.
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Roots of the Holocaust". Retrieved 28 September Archived from the original on 10 May Archived from the original on 30 April The Third Reich in Power.
Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 8 February Cambridge University Press, , p. Archived from the original on 16 March The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust.
Europe-Asia Studies 46 4: Forced Labour under Third Reich. The End; Germany — In Crafts, Nicholas; Toniolo, Gianni. Economic Growth in Europe Since Wirtschaft in beiden deutschen Staaten" [Economy in both German states].
Informationen zur Politischen Bildung. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 30 October The New York Times. Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 February Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 15 May Archived PDF from the original on 14 July Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 27 March Council of the European Union.
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Then, it will be sent to Rome, the Italian government being the depository of the Treaties. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 7 May Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
Archived PDF from the original on 3 April Retrieved 21 February Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 15 December Migration to Europe explained in seven charts".
Archived from the original on 31 January Retrieved 30 August Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 8 May Archived PDF from the original on 2 July Retrieved 14 April Compendium of Symbolic and Ritual Plants in Europe: The Cornflower was once the floral emblem of Germany hence the German common name Kaiserblume.
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Archived from the original on 17 January This claim was also reflected in the Hallstein Doctrine determining its foreign and interior policy until the early s.
Named after Walter Hallstein , State secretary at the Foreign Office , this was a key doctrine in the foreign policy of West Germany after , which prescribed that the Federal Republic of Germany would not establish or maintain diplomatic relations with any state that recognised the GDR.
Under the terms of the Basic Treaty in , Bonn and East Berlin exchanged "permanent missions",  headed by "permanent representatives",  rather than de jure embassies headed by ambassadors.
Under the West German federal system, the states were generally responsible for school education, and by the s, some of them had either already recommended omitting the initialism, or, in the case of Bavaria , forbidden it.
However, as the Association for the German Language found, this debate on the initialism had little influence on changing the West German parlance with the usage of the initialism - in any event limited - unaffected by the debate.
A similar ideological question was the question whether to use "Berlin West " the officially preferred name or "West Berlin", and even whether to write "West Berlin" in German as two hyphenated words - West-Berlin - or as one word - Westberlin.
Most Westerners called the Western sectors "Berlin", unless further distinction was necessary. However, the East German government commonly referred to it as "Westberlin".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the current country, see Germany.